What is a Registrar? (What are they? How do Domain Names Work? etc.)

What is a registrar (What are they How do domain names work etc) 1

Every site that you go to has a specific domain name. This implies that every site owner has been through a process of purchasing and registering a domain name. 

It is one of the most essential and initial steps that is involved when you decide to begin a new site, along with working on getting a web host and building the website. 

Now, this is a step that needs the help of the domain registrar. 

Domain Registrar 

They are sometimes known as DNS registrar; it is a short form of Domain Name Server. They are a company that sell domain names as well as run the whole process of registering them. 

So, what is a domain name exactly? It is the primary address of a site that is utilised on the internet. It will usually begin with www, and you will notice that it frequently concludes with .com. 

Now, if you look at it, technically, all computers identify sites by a different type of address; it’s called an IP address. An IP address is usually a long roll of numbers but is divided by periods. For instance, 101,101,101,101.

Now, this is just an example of an IP; however, practically, people cannot remember such sort of addresses. So for the convenience of humans, it’s also given a made-up address name that consists of alphanumeric letters, and if you read these letters, they will actually spell a brand name or word. 

Now there is a particular kind of process that is involved, in which people are allowed to claim their domain names in order to manage.

There are certain registries to handle the numerous top-level domains. These registries are huge, with centralised databases that hold information of numerous domain names which are obtainable and the ones that are already claimed by the persons/ business details.

The registries do not sell domain names directly; instead, this work is delegated to various DNS registrars. 

The domain registrars that are planning to take on this task should be accredited by ICANN. Now whenever a domain is purchased by a client, they are supposed to register the domain with the correct registry simply by updating their record with the received information. 

This entire process takes place at the back end for site owners. An excellent domain name registrar offers the entire process that involves locating, buying as well as managing the domain or even multiple domains which are extremely simple and very intuitive. 

The Role a Domain Name Registrar Plays 

Their main work is to handle the whole process of the registry by keeping it up to date the moment a client buys a domain name. 

A part of their work involves them keeping a record of domain names that are currently available and offer the customer a search tool that is intuitive in order to help them locate the numerous options that they have at hand.

They also manage all the financial transactions and offer tools that are needed in order to handle the subscription of a domain in future. 

A customer cannot purchase a specific domain name; the name can only be rented for a period of 10 years at one stretch. A DNS registrar will usually offer an option for your new renewals and even multi-year renewals.

There are certain times that they offer discounts if the user registers that specific name for a prolonged time. These domain registrars frequently give the users, accounts where the user can maintain the status of the domain name registration as well as certain features that include email reminders and automatic renewals. 

Registrant 

So, who is a registrant? Any guesses? But as some of you, I’m presuming have already guessed it, yes, the registrant is none other than you, and I say this presuming that you are the one planning on purchasing the name of the domain, or maybe you already have one. 

The moment you have taken the initial step of choosing and buying the name of the domain from the domain name registrar, you will immediately become a domain registrant. You will have this title till you have the domain subscription. 

So, in many contexts, individuals may call a registrant as the owner of the domain or the site owner the moment the individual’s website is live. 

Domain Registry 

This is a database that has all the data about a particular TLD (Top Level Domain). This terminology is also utilised in reference to certain organisations that handle the database and the database also. 

A domain registry has the relationship with a domain registrar that submits the registration request of a domain name as well as updates records on behalf of the customer. A very common example of domain registry that I would like to mention here is Verisign; it manages and handles the database for numerous common TLDs that include .edu,.gov,.net and .com. 

Registration of Private Domain Name 

The process of domain registration also includes providing information of the registrant to the domain owner’s database. Apart from domain registries, WHOIS directory also tracks the information of each and every site domain that has registered its owner as well as the primary contact information.

All this is maintained in order to identify the site owners that may use the website for some illegal purposes. 

In today’s age of top profile breaches and the growing concern on the internet with regard to privacy issues, site owners are very sceptical to mention their contact information as well as the name on an open web. We also feel that it should not be a necessity for operating a website. 

Luckily, registration of a private domain name is an option that is now available and provided by numerous DNS registrants. Domain name registrars will usually charge extra to offer a shield and keep you from putting your name as well as information on the directory.

They give sufficient contact details to WHOIS in order to keep the registrant on the legal side of things, typically an email ID that will be associated with the company of the registrant; the remaining information is kept private. 

Domain Name Server 

As we began this article, I had mentioned how computers do not utilise any domain name in order to recognise a website address instead utilise IP addresses. Now domain name server is a technology that helps to translate both.

The system of the domain name is a protocol that is established in order to make sure that machines exchange the correct data for an average Internet visitor to view the right web page as soon as they enter the domain name into the browser or even click on the link. 

Now domain name server plays a vital role in the entire process by storing every information that is needed in order to connect to a particular domain address and to the right IP address.

Every time the domain name server is queried for a specific domain name by the computer, it will locate the IP address and deliver it. 

New Domain Name Registration 

So far, most of the technical back-end stuff is covered up, and I’m sure some of you are wondering how will this all translate into and what is it that a soon to be site owner needs to get done in order to receive a preferred domain name for the website.

I can gladly say that the entire process is very simple. You can begin by locating a registrant that you would prefer to work with; how to go about it is something that we will soon discuss. 

Many of these registrants may get extremely easy to locate available domain names. You must look for various top-level domain choices that you may want to consider and understand the buying process.

Now on the registrar’s website, you would come across a secure form that you must utilise in order to send your contact details, payment information and full name. Once you’ve done this, you’re all set! 

Locating a Domain Name that is Available 

Here, things can get a little tricky. With millions of sites that are out there, and all of these sites have domain names that are unique, you would now realise that most of the options that you prefer might be already taken.

Getting a domain name that is simple to remember, describing what the website actually does involves a lot of creativity and hard work. 

You should be prepared with the fact that you would be spending a certain amount of time on the domain registrar’s search tool. You should always try numerous variations of the name that you prefer.

Try to consider creative spellings and synonyms. I do agree that .com is generally an easy option for your site visitors to recollect; however, you could also consider another domain that includes .biz or even .website.

Always remember that TLDs that are not very common will definitely have more options available. 

Top-Level Domain 

It is the domain’s last section that is followed by a period, like, .net and .com. The ICANN has complete control over the available TLDs and is pretty firm about creating new ones.

Initially, many specialty TLDs were related to the specific industry, geographic location or type of site. For instance, .com was specifically for only commercial businesses, .org was reserved only for nonprofit sites, and .gov was for government sites. 

However, today as we can see that the internet is growing, and the requirement for numerous obtainable domain names has made ICANN ease the restrictions on the number of PTLDs made available as well as they also look into who could utilise a different one. 

Whenever you conduct a search for domain names on the registrar website that you have chosen, you will come across numerous TLD choices at various pricing.

Now suppose the name you are looking for is not available as .com, then you could get the name at a lower price on a .site or .us TLD address. 

Transfer of a Domain Name 

From the moment you select the registrar to buy the domain name, you will not have to commit for a long tenure to work with them.

You are given an option of moving to another registrar, maybe somewhere in the future, but you may have to consider waiting for at least two months. This is on account of a policy designed by ICANN in order to avoid domain hijacking. 

The moment you have passed the two months’ point with much ease, you can move the domain name to another provider simply by unlocking the domain name at the current registrar and disable privacy protections like WHOIS Privacy domain name.

You will also need to get the authorisation code for your domain from the current registrar. 

As soon as all this is done, you need to follow a couple of steps to complete the transfer of domain that will be given by the registrar that you are moving onto. 

Domain Registrar Qualities 

So far, we have discussed in detail all about domain registrar and the way the registration process works; we believe that you are all set to get yourself an amazing domain registrar, so let’s begin. There are plenty of options available in the market.

Some of these companies offer just domain registration solutions. At the same time, some of them provide domain registration and numerous services that include web hosting as well. So, this makes it extremely convenient for you to handle various basic site requirements, and that to all under one umbrella. 

With numerous options for you to select from, you must also be aware of what you must be looking for. Let’s take a look at some vital factors that you should consider; 

Pricing 

You must always remember that the price for registering a domain name is directly linked to the kind of name that you select. To be specific, various top-level domains are available at various price tags. 

However, you will also notice a variation in the price charged by various companies. So, while you are in the process of considering various domain name registrars, bear in mind two important details; 

  • The price tags that these companies advertise is for a period of one year, so always make sure you check the details. 
  • A domain name is not a purchase that is made one time; you will need to pay for it for the time you’re planning to use the website. So always make sure to make a thorough comparison. 
  • Many of these prices are simply introductory prices and will increase after renewal. 

Reputation  

management for a domain name does not include a lot of communication with the firm; however, you should make sure the registrar is reliable and easygoing. We always recommend that you should invest your time in going through various reviews given by customers. This will give you clarity on the company’s reputation and if at all you should work with them.

In Addition 

Many domain registrars offer solutions that are more than just registering a domain name. It is common for a registrar to be a web host offering both the services to their users in order to simplify the customers’ requirements. There are a couple of extras that you should look for; 

  • An option to purchase a multi-year subscription 
  • Email addresses – This will make all your communication appear official
  • Automatic renewals – This will allow the process of renewal to be kept on auto-pilot, reducing your work 
  • Domain name privacy – This will avoid all sorts of risks and spams

Conclusion 

That’s all for this article, folks. We have discussed in detail what all registrar is and the way they work as well as their importance and features. If the things that we have discussed in this article is something that you are looking for, then we recommend that you should get a registrar who offers all these features, avoiding the hassle of you taking on additional work. You can also check our article on What is Caching and How Does it Work? 

Do share your thoughts and comments with us. We’ll see soon with our next article. Thanks and take care.

Leave a Comment